The vast scale of the Nazi program of mass murder is reflected in the fact that for many months in 1942, 1943 and 1944 the Nazis cold-bloodedly killed more than 100,000 people per week from all parts of Europe in the death camps, mainly Jews. About 5 million people from other groups — including Roma and Sinti (Gypsy) people, Poles, homosexuals, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Freemasons, political dissidents and people with intellectual and physical disabilities — were also targeted and murdered by the Nazis, albeit less systematically than in the case of the Jews.
The following table provides estimates of the numbers of Jewish inhabitants of each country under Nazi domination who were murdered, compared to the country’s pre-war Jewish population.
|NUMBER OF JEWS WHO PERISHED IN THE HOLOCAUST BY COUNTRY OF RESIDENCE|
|COUNTRY||PRE-WAR JEWISH POPULATION||JEWISH DEATHS (EST)|