With flagrant disregard for the accepted principles and ethics of medical and scientific research, the Nazis used concentration camp inmates to carry out experiments. Some of these involved subjecting inmates to high altitudes and freezing water to test the ability of humans to survive under harsh conditions. The most horrific, however, were the ‘racial’ experiments.

The name of ‘Dr Josef Mengele’ is synonymous with the barbarism which characterised Nazi medical experiments. He earned his reputation as an SS doctor at Auschwitz-Birkenau, where he personally presided over the selections of incoming transports. He experimented particularly on twins and dwarfs, and he was known to have killed many of them himself to allow dissection of their bodies. The infamy of Dr Mengele has tended to overshadow the fact that many other Nazi doctors and scientists were involved in experimentation on human beings. At least 70 medical research projects of various kinds were conducted in Nazi
concentration camps.

Female Jewish victim of Nazi medical experiments